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Agricultural production leaps to a new step and modern agriculture draws a new blueprint
Release time£º2019.08.05    Source£ºSHANXI HONGTE FERTILIZER CO.,LTD   Number of visits£º

(1) Food production has leaped to a new level, effectively guaranteeing national food security

Food is the most important thing for the people. Food is an important strategic material related to the national economy and people's livelihood. Since the founding of New China, China's grain production has made new breakthroughs and achieved new leaps in unremitting exploration and institutional innovation. At the beginning of the founding of the People's Republic of China, China's total grain output was more than 200 billion jin, and in 1952 it was more than 300 billion jin. After the land reform, grain production has developed to a certain extent, but it failed to break through 400 billion kg. Until 1966, it reached 400 billion kg. It took 14 years from 300 billion kg to 400 billion kg. In 1978, China's total grain output was more than 60 billion jin, and it took 12 years from more than 400 billion jin to more than 60 billion jin. Since the reform and opening up, the establishment of the household contract responsibility system and the price increase of agricultural products and the narrowing of the "scissors gap" between industrial and agricultural products have stimulated the enthusiasm of farmers, liberated agricultural productivity and promoted the rapid growth of grain production. China's total grain output has stepped up to a new level one after another, ensuring national food security, and the problem of inadequate food has become a thorough history. In 1984, China's total grain output reached 800 billion kg, climbing two hundred billion kg steps in six years. By 1993, the country's grain output had exceeded 900 billion kg. It took nine years. Since then, it has reached 1000 billion kg three times in 1996, 1998 and 1999, respectively, in 14 years. After that, the grain output has fluctuated, and by 2007, it has again stood at 1000 billion kg. The steps. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core, has attached great importance to grain production and repeatedly stressed that the Chinese people's job should be firmly held in their hands. The comprehensive grain production capacity will go up to a new level in the case of continuous increase of grain production for many years in the early stage and a high starting point. For the first time in 2012, China's grain output broke through the 1200 billion jin barrier. In 2015, China's grain output reached a new level, breaking through 1300 billion jin, and remained at this level for several years. In 2018, China's total grain output was 1315.8 billion jin, an increase of 4.8 times over that of 1949, with an average annual growth of 2.6%.

(2) Rapid growth of cash crop production has greatly enriched people's material life.

From the perspective of cotton production, the national cotton output reached 440,000 tons in 1949. After the reform and opening up, the state implemented a series of policies to encourage cotton planting. China's cotton production developed rapidly. In 1984, the national cotton output reached a historical high of 626,000 tons. After 2000, with the rapid development of textile industry, cotton production rose rapidly, reaching a historical peak of 7.6 million tons in 2007. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, cotton production has developed steadily in the structural reform of agricultural supply side. In 2018, the national cotton output was 6.1 million tons, 12.7 times higher than that in 1949, with an average annual increase of 3.9%[2].

From the point of view of oil production, with the improvement of people's living standards, oil consumption demand is gradually increasing, and oil production is developing continuously. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, oil production has reached a high level in the early stage, breaking through and stabilizing the 32 million tons step. In 2018, China's oil production reached 34.33 million tons, 12.4 times higher than that in 1949, with an average annual increase of 3.8%.

From the point of view of sugar production, the national sugar output in 1949 was only 2.83 million tons, and increased to 23.82 million tons in 1978. After the reform and opening up, sugar production has developed rapidly and the output is increasing day by day. In 2018, the national sugar output was 119.37 million tons, 41.1 times higher than that in 1949, with an average annual increase of 5.6%.

(3) Healthy development of forestry industry and remarkable improvement of forest coverage

After the founding of New China, China adopted measures such as forest protection and afforestation to build and develop forestry industry. Since the reform and opening up, with the comprehensive deepening of the reform of state-owned forest farms and collective forest ownership system, the forestry industry has developed rapidly and the output of forest products has increased rapidly. The output of economic forest products, rosin and other major forest products ranks first in the world. Wood oil, under-forest economy, forest tourism and other green industries are booming. According to the statistics of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration, the national timber output in 2018 was 88.11 million cubic meters, 6.1 times higher than that in 1952, with an average annual increase of 3.0%; the output of Camellia oleifera seeds was 2.63 million tons, an increase of 9.6 times, with an average annual increase of 3.6%.

The state attaches great importance to forestry ecological construction, extensively carries out voluntary tree planting activities for the whole people, and promotes in-depth construction of key ecological projects, such as conversion of farmland to forests, Three-North Shelter forest, natural forest protection and wetland protection, and continuously strengthens ecological protection and restoration efforts. The forestry ecological construction has achieved remarkable results. In 2018, the national afforestation area was 7.07 million hectares. The Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of "five in one". General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward that "green water and green hills are Jinshan and Yinshan" and regarded green development as an important part of the new development concept. Forestry ecological construction has entered a new historical stage. According to the results of the Eighth National Forest Resources Inventory (2009-2013), the area of forestry land in China was 315.59 million hectares, an increase of 17.0% over 1978; the area of forests reached 207.69 million hectares, an increase of 80.2%; the forest coverage rate was 21.6%, an increase of 96 percentage points; and the forest stock was 151.1 billion cubic meters, an increase of 67.6%.

(4) Rapid growth in livestock production to meet people's consumption needs

In the early days of the founding of New China, the supply of livestock products in China was generally inadequate. After the reform and opening up, especially after the country liberalized the prices of pork, eggs, poultry, milk and other livestock products in 1985, the traditional livestock breeding industry, such as large livestock and live pigs, developed rapidly, the production of livestock products increased rapidly, and the output of major livestock products continued to rank first in the world.

Judging from the total output of pigs, beef and mutton, the total output of pigs and mutton in the whole country in 1952 was only 3 million 390 thousand tons, and increased to 65 million 230 thousand tons in 2018, an increase of 18.3 times, with an average annual growth of 4.6%. Among the major meat varieties, pork production increased from 11.34 million tons in 1980 to 54.04 million tons in 2018.

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